The Path to Drawdown: Microgrid
Tackling climate change and staying below 1.5ºC of global temperature rise requires a massive scaling of emissions-free energy sources. Thankfully, renewable sources like solar and wind are quickly expanding their capacity worldwide. But to provide reliable clean energy to every household and organization in the world, we need a power grid that’s efficient and more resilient.
The power grid is the dynamic network of electricity generation, transmission, storage, and consumption that 85% of the world relies on. Microgrids, on the other hand, are localized groupings of distributed energy sources like solar and wind, combined with energy storage or backup generation and load management technology. Microgrids can operate as stand-alone entities or be plugged into the centralized grid as needed.
By enabling the integration of renewable energy sources into the grid, along with storage and demand management, microgrids can play a critical role in the advancement of a flexible and efficient electrical grid. More than 1 billion people -- around 17% of the global population -- still lack access to a centralized power grid. Microgrids can provide these people with energy access using low-carbon energy sources. In developed economies, the growth of microgrids is expected to strengthen the resilience of overall electricity grids.