of operational and committed portfolio



in operational MWs since 2009


Million Tons

of greenhouse gas emissions avoided since 2008

The Path to Drawdown: PV Solar Development

To solve climate change and remain below 1.5ºC of global warming, the globe needs to switch to generating power from fossil fuels to using 100% emissions free sources.

The largest source of this clean energy is the sun (barring advances in nuclear fusion). Photovoltaic or PV solar panels (the kind you see on rooftops) have emerged as the predominant way of capturing the sun's energy and converting it into electricity.

The industry has been growing fast and, as of 2020, solar panels are now the cheapest source of electricity in most places on earth.

Solar produces ~2% of global electricity today. According to Project Drawdown, to be on a path to remain under 1.5ºC of warming, utility scale solar (as opposed to rooftop solar) will need to be generating a combined ~26% of global electricity by 2050.

To get there, the PV solar industry is going to need to continue to massively scale over the few next decades:

  • 720 TWh of solar electricity generated in 2019
  • 28,200 TWh needed by 2050
  • CAGR of 12.56% from 2019 - 2050

Another analysis from the IEA predicts that in order to reach a 100% clean electricity grid by 2050, annual solar panel manufacturing capacity will need to scale from 134 GWs in 2020 to 630 GWs in 2030 (p. 74).


Azure Power Global Limited (stock ticker: AZRE) is a leading independent solar power producer in India. It sells solar energy to central and state government utilities and independent industrial and commercial customers. Headquartered in New Delhi, India, Azure Power has steadily expanded its production across India.

AZRE's Role in Drawdown

AZRE’s operating solar portfolio is 2.1 GWs, or an estimated 2.66% of global utility solar production of 80.3 GWs. Assuming they retain a similar market-share, this would mean they will need to produce 9.7 GW of utility-scale solar power annually to remain on path to stay below 1.5C° by 2030.

Such growth would necessitate a 16.38% annual increase in production capacity. Given that AZRE grew their operational capacity 24% annually from 2017-2020 and it is projecting a CAGR of 24% (p. 8) over the 2021-2026 period; we are eager to see AZRE hit and surpass this goal.

AZRE: What We Like

AZRE has been focused on providing affordable solar power by expanding utility-scale projects throughout India. As of March 2021 (p. 4), AZRE’s operating GWs were 2.1 GWs and committed GWs (either under construction or power purchasing agreement pending) were 5 GWs, totaling a portfolio of 7.1 GWs. This represents a ~5.5x increase since September 2017 (p.8).

AZRE has committed to reducing GHG emissions from their own organization as well as from their supply chain.

  • 30% reduction (p. 37) in scope 1 and 2 emissions per MWh generated by 2023.
  • Reduction in scope 3 (p. 37) emissions by including only vendors and suppliers who monitor their own GHG emissions

AZRE is expanding project portfolio in an increasingly sustainable fashion.

AZRE has also shown its commitment to sustainability by joining global sustainability initiatives (p. 1)

  • Reporting to CDP beginning in August 2020
  • Joining the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD)
  • Joining the UN Global Compact
  • Ranked in top 10 most sustainable global renewable energy companies by Sustainalytics

AZRE: What We Want to See Improve

Diversify Customers

As AZRE acknowledges in its 2019-20 Sustainability Report, a large portion of the company’s contracted MWs are committed to three customers, two of whom are India’s central government entities. This is a potential risk if the Indian government becomes unable to meet capacity targets, or customers become unable or unwilling to fulfill contractual obligations.

Reduce non-renewable energy consumption

In its production and operation, AZRE consumes (p. 36) 1600 MWs of energy from fossil fuels (enough to power 150 homes for one year). We would like them to set out a clear plan to transition to fully renewable sources of energy by a specific date.

Clean the Supply Chain

AZRE is calling (p. 37) on its suppliers to track their GHG emissions, but it has not succeeded in doing so yet. We would like to see more comprehensive emissions reporting from purchased goods and services in AZRE’s reports along with a clear GHG emissions goal. Such transparency would enable us as investors to hold them accountable.

Other Solar Developer Stocks in the Climate Index

Attend Our Next Webinar

Attend Our Next Webinar

Join our next Sustainable Investing 101 webinar, get our favorite DIY options, and walk through how we build our portfolios.

Get Our Newsletter

Get Our Newsletter

Go a level deeper with us and investigate the potential impacts of climate change on investments like your retirement account.

Join Newsletter
Talk To A Human

Talk To A Human

Joining a new investment service can be intimidating. We’re here for you. Click below to email us a question or book a quick call.

Ask a Question