The Path to Drawdown: Wind Manufacturing
Solving climate change and remaining below 1.5ºC of global temperature increase requires that the world switch to generating power from fossil fuels to using 100% emissions free sources. Wind power will play a crucial role in this transition.
Onshore and offshore wind turbines accounted for 4.36% and 0.27%, respectively, of global electricity generation in 2018. This global wind capacity has risen steadily by ~20% per year for the past decade. Owing to this expansion, the cost of electricity generated from wind continues to fall, even in areas with low wind speeds.
According to Project Drawdown, being on a path to remain under 1.5C° of warming, onshore wind turbines will need to be generating 26.85% and offshore wind generating 3.2% of global electricity by 2050.
To get there, the wind industry will need to continue to scale over the next few decades
- <::marker> 1,212 TWh of onshore wind electricity generated in 2018
- <::marker> 21,715 TWh needed by 2050
- <::marker> CAGR of 9.44% from 2018 - 2050
The IEA also projects (p. 198) that reaching a 100% clean electricity grid by 2050 would require wind capacity to increase from 737 GW in 2020 to 3101 GW in 2030, and finally to 8265 GW in 2050.